Following the intervention of the PMO, the aviation ministry junked the rules it had put in place just this March that had shackled drones in a plethora of clearances and went against ease of doing business. “This (new) policy has been put in place under careful monitoring directly by the PM with trust (in users) as its basis and (to ensure) economic welfare of people,” K Vijay Raghavan, principal scientific advisor to the government, told TOI.
India will have three airspace zones for drones — green, where they can be flown; yellow, where permission needed and red like airports where their use is barred unless specifically allowed. This map is expected within 30 days on the Digital Sky single-window drone platform.
“Approvals, compliance requirements and entry barriers have been significantly reduced… will tremendously help start-ups and our youth working in this sector (and) help leverage India’s strengths in innovation, technology and engineering to make India a drone hub,” Modi Tweeted on Thursday.
The new Drone Rules usher in a landmark moment for this sector in India. The rules are based on the premise of trus… https://t.co/WFXL7RCrK1
— Narendra Modi (@narendramodi) 1629963291000
Compared to the previous rules, the liberalised Drone Rules, 2021, abolished several approvals and reduces the number of forms to be filled by users from 25 to five. The maximum penalty for violations has been reduced to Rs 1 lakh. Fee amounts have also been reduced with the charge for a remote pilot license cut from Rs 3,000 (for a large drone) to Rs 100 for all categories and valid for 10 years. No remote pilot licence will be required for micro drones for non-commercial use and nano drones.
The new rules increase maximum payload for drones from 300 kg to 500 kg, paving the way for drone taxis. “Air taxis are being researched and invented globally and many start-ups are coming up. That time is not far when taxis, like the ones of Uber that you see on roads, you will see in the air under the new drone policy,” aviation minister Jyotiraditya Scindia said. The drone sector has already seen about 200 start-ups and new rules will help create more economic activity and jobs.
Arc Ventures MD Arjun Aggarwal said the new “rules will allow India to realise the true potential of this revolutionary industry, enabling substantial job creation and attracting FDI for the sector to not just ‘make-in-India’, but to ‘make-in-India-for-the-world’”.
Importantly, based on negative feedback from the industry, Modi got the red tape-ridden old UAS rules changed after the recent Jammu airport attack that used drones. Scindia said the government is working on to quickly develop a technology to counter rogue drones and will not allow security fears to hamper growth.
“It’s like automobiles which can be used for routine work and all sorts of things, 99.99% are for valuable purposes. We do not and should not stop automobiles because some people might misuse them. Security agencies will look at rogue automobiles, rogue aircraft and rogue drones. Our security agencies will ensure any violators (the misusing drones) are dealt with,” Vijay Raghavan said.
Terming the new rules “fearless,” the Drone Federation of India (DFI), which represents 200 drone companies, said: “The issuance of these rules marks a new era in the Indian drone ecosystem which has a market potential of more than Rs 50,000 crore and can create 5,00,000 professional jobs in the next 5 years.”